Deterioro de recubrimientos orgánicos: Principales modelos y métodos de cuantificación
Las pinturas constituyen uno de los principales métodos de protección contra el deterioro atmosférico de estructuras metálicas. El desempeño en servicio de las mismas depende en gran medida de la naturaleza de los recubrimientos orgánicos y del efecto de diversos factores ambientales y meteorológicos. Por esta razón, es esencial tanto para el desarrollo de nuevos recubrimientos como para los procesos de evaluación de pinturas identificar la fenomenología del deterioro, así como los métodos usados para modelar y predecir el comportamiento de los recubrimientos, las fechas de mantenimiento preventivo o reemplazo, además del tiempo de vida de la estructura reparada. Esta revisión recoge los principales métodos empleados para la modelación de dicho deterioro con fines predictivos.
Palabras Clave / KeywordsDeterioro, fenomenología, modelos, pinturas anticorrosivas./Anticorrosive paints, models, deterioration, phenomenology.
Tipo de ArtículoArtículo de revisión
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