Psicología desde el Caribe, Vol 38 No 2: Mayo - Agosto 2021

Tamaño de la letra:  Pequeña  Mediana  Grande

Modelos Ecológicos del Desarrollo Aplicados al Consumo de Drogas Ilícitas

Orlando Scoppetta, Eliana Ivette Ortiz Garzón

Resumen


El consumo de drogas ilícitas constituye un asunto de relevancia social y de salud pública. Los modelos ecológicos enriquecen la explicación de las variaciones en el consumo de sustancias ilícitas, al facilitar la inclusión de los factores individuales y del contexto en el que las personas se desenvuelven. Esta revisión rápida tiene como objetivo identificar los conceptos sobre modelos ecológicos utilizados en la investigación sobre el consumo de drogas, cuáles son los niveles de determinación previstos y cuáles factores asociados al consumo de drogas de índole personal, familiar y del contexto social amplio. A partir de 22 manuscritos incluidos en la fase final de la revisión se identificó una decena de denominaciones para los modelos ecológicos, así como niveles de determinación personal, familiar y del contexto social. Se perfilan los modelos ecológicos como estructuras conceptuales flexibles, dinámicas y con posibilidades de sustentar políticas públicas integrales con mejores resultados.


Palabras Clave / Keywords

Abuso de drogas, trastornos por uso de drogas, revisión de literatura, drogas ilícitas

Tipo de Artículo

Artículo de revisión

Citas


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