An Exploratory Study of the Relation between Cognitive Style and Metacognitive Monitoring in a Sample of Colombian University Students


  • Antonio P. Gutierrez de Blume Georgia Southern University
  • Diana Marcela Montoya Londoño Universidad de Caldas
  • Christian Hederich Martinez Universidad Pedagógica Nacional

Palabras clave:

Cognitive Styles, Calibration Accuracy and Bias, Intellectual Style, Metacognitive Monitoring


While research on metacognition and cognitive styles is robust for either field alone, few studies have broached the two together. In addition, no studies to date have examined finer-grained objectives related to specific aspects of metacognition such as monitoring skill and its relation to cognitive style. Thus, the present study investigated confidence, performance, and accuracy measures for three types of metacognitive judgments (prediction, concurrent and postdiction) and three different types of metacognitive questions—questions about the task, questions about the self, and questions at different moments (before, during, and after)—and how these are related to cognitive style (field dependent, intermediate, field independent) in a sample of 57 Colombian university students. Results revealed that there were differences in metacognitive monitoring accuracy and bias as a function of cognitive style, and that these findings were similar both between different moments and across metacognitive judgments. Regarding cognitive style, those with an intermediate or field independent cognitive style reported greater monitoring accuracy and less bias than individuals with a field dependent style. Implications for research, theory, and practice are discussed.


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Cómo citar

Gutierrez de Blume, A. P., Montoya Londoño, D. M., & Hederich Martinez, C. (2021). An Exploratory Study of the Relation between Cognitive Style and Metacognitive Monitoring in a Sample of Colombian University Students. Psicología Desde El Caribe, 39(2). Recuperado a partir de