Narrativas y sondeo del capitalismo-estadounidense sobre los recursos naturales de Puerto Rico (1898-1917)

Autores/as

  • José Anazagatsy Rodríguez Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto Universitario de Mayaguez

Palabras clave:

Puerto Rico, Guerra Hispanoamericana, producción de la naturaleza, manejo de recursos naturales, imperialismo, colonialismo, literatura imperial.

Resumen

Después de la Guerra Hispanoamericana varias editoriales, revistas y periódicos divulgaron múltiples textos sobre Puerto Rico, los mismos que participaron de la articulación del imaginario imperialista-colonialista estadounidense y el establecimiento de la modalidad colonial de ese país en el territorio caribeño. El presente artículo aborda dicha literatura imperial para examinar sus representaciones de la naturaleza y su relación con la producción capitalista de la naturaleza en tiempos en que Puerto Rico experimentaba la gestión imperial más directa de los Estados Unidos (1898-1917). Se analiza cómo los autores de esa literatura imperial transformaron la naturaleza en recurso (resourcing), a la vez que inspeccionaron y catalogaron los recursos disponibles en Puerto Rico para luego asignarle un valor particular. Con ese proceder contribuyeron a la dominanción formal de esos recursos bajo las redes del capitalismo del imperio estadounidense.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Biografía del autor/a

José Anazagatsy Rodríguez, Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto Universitario de Mayaguez

Catedrático Asociado en el programa de Sociología del Departamento de Ciencias Sociales de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, Recinto Universitario de Mayagüez. Es especialista en sociología ambiental, estudios americanos y teoría social, y ha realizado investigaciones en la retórica imperialista estadounidense y la producción capitalista de la naturaleza en Puerto Rico.

Citas

<h1><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:AllowPNG /> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF /> <w:LidThemeOther>ES-CO</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>JA</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables /> <w:SnapToGridInCell /> <w:WrapTextWithPunct /> <w:UseAsianBreakRules /> <w:DontGrowAutofit /> <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark /> <w:EnableOpenTypeKerning /> <w:DontFlipMirrorIndents /> <w:OverrideTableStyleHps /> <w:UseFELayout /> </w:Compatibility> <m:mathPr> <m:mathFont m:val="Cambria Math" /> <m:brkBin m:val="before" /> <m:brkBinSub m:val="&#45;-" /> <m:smallFrac m:val="off" /> <m:dispDef /> <m:lMargin m:val="0" /> <m:rMargin m:val="0" /> <m:defJc m:val="centerGroup" /> <m:wrapIndent m:val="1440" /> <m:intLim m:val="subSup" /> <m:naryLim m:val="undOvr" /> </m:mathPr></w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:LatentStyles DefLockedState="false" DefUnhideWhenUsed="true" DefSemiHidden="true" DefQFormat="false" DefPriority="99" LatentStyleCount="276"> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="0" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Normal" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="heading 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 7" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 8" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="9" QFormat="true" Name="heading 9" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 7" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 8" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" Name="toc 9" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="0" Name="header" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="0" Name="footer" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="35" QFormat="true" Name="caption" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="10" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Title" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" Name="Default Paragraph Font" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="11" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtitle" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="22" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Strong" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="20" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="59" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Table Grid" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Placeholder Text" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="1" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="No Spacing" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Revision" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="34" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="List Paragraph" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="29" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Quote" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="30" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Quote" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 1" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 2" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 3" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 4" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 5" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="60" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Shading Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="61" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="62" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Light Grid Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="63" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="64" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Shading 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="65" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="66" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium List 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Reference" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Reference" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" Name="Bibliography" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading" /> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--> <!--[if gte mso 10]> <mce:style><! /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin;} --> <!--[endif] --> <!--StartFragment--> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-family: Tahoma; font-size: 14pt; font-weight: normal; line-height: 150%;">A.D. Hall. <em>Porto Rico</em></span><span style="font-family: Tahoma; font-size: 14pt; font-weight: normal; line-height: 150%;">. Street &amp; Smith. New York, 1898.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Albert G. Robinson. The Porto Rico of To-day. Ediciones Puerto. San Juan, 2005 [1899].</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Alden Knipe. A Pasear in Porto Rico. The Travel Magazine. Vol. 12. No. 3. United States, 1906.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Annette Kolodny.The Lay of the Land. The University of North Carolina Press. Chapel Hill, 1975.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Arcadio Díaz Quiñones. El Arte de Bregar. Ediciones Callejón. San Juan, 2000.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Arturo Escobar. After Nature. Current Anthropology Vol. 40.  No. 1 Chicago, 1999.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Carlos I. Hernández Hernández. El Pueblo Norteamericano y la Percepción sobre Puerto Rico: 1898-1905. En Revista Horizontes Vol. 58. No. 94, Puerto Rico, 2006.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Carolyn Merchant, Carolyn. Earthcare. Routledge. New York, 1996.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">—. Reinventing Eden. Routledge. New York, 2003.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Charles H. Allen. <em>First Annual Report</em>. Ediciones Callejón. San Juan, 2005 [1901].</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">David Spurr. The Rethroric of Empire. Duke University Press. Durham, 1992.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Derek Gregory. (Post)Colonialism and the Production of Nature. En Social Nature. Blackwell Publishers. Massachusetts, 2001. 84-111.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Donna Haraway. Situated Knowledges. En Feminist Studies.Vol. 14. No. 3. United States, 1988.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Edward Said. Orientalism. Pantheon. New York, 1994.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Edward S. Wilson. Political Development of Porto Rico. Ediciones Puerto. San Juan, 2005[1905].</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Enrique Leff. Green Production: Toward and Environmental Rationality. The Guildofrd Press. New York, 1995.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Erick Swyngedouw. Modernity and the Production of the Spanish Waterscape, 1890-1930. En Political Ecology. The Guildford Press. New York, 2003. 94-110.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Findlay, Eileen J. Love in the Tropics. En Close Encounters of Empire. Duke University Press. Durham, 1998. 139-72.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Frederick A. Ober. Puerto Rico and Its resources. Ediciones Puerto. San Juan, 2005 [1899].</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">George M. Fowles. Down in Porto Rico. Eaton &amp; Mains. New York, 1910.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Henri Lefebvre. The production of space. Wiley-Blackwell. Oxford, 1992.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Henry K Caroll. Report of Porto Rico. Ediciones Callejón. San Juan, 2005 [1899].</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Hezequiah Butterworth. "Beautiful Porto Rico." The Four Track News Vol 4. No. 2, Estados Unidos, 1903.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">J. R. McNeill. Introduction: Environmental and Economic Management. En Colonial Crucible. The University of Wisconsin Press. Wisconsin, 2009. 475-478.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">James L. Dietz. Historia Económica de Puerto Rico. Ediciones Huracán. Río Piedras, 1989.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Jhon B. Foster. Ecological Imperialism. Socialist Register. Vol. 40. Wales, 2004.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">José Anazagasty Rodríguez y Mario R. Cancel. <em>Porto Rico: Hecho en Estados Unidos</em>. Editora Educación Emergente. Cabo Rojo,  2011.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">José Anazagasty Rodríguez. (3 Octubre 2014). "1898”, McGee y el imperialismo progresista." Recuperado de <em>80 Grados: </em>&lt;http://www.80grados.net/1898-mcgee-y-el-imperialismo-progresista/&gt;.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">—. Capitalist Nature in the Written Work. Washington State University, Pullman, 2004.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">—. (13 d ejunio de 2014). Las Abejeras del Capital en Porto Rico.Recuperado de <em>80 Grados:</em> &lt;http://www.80grados.net/las-abejeras-del-capital-en-porto-rico/&gt;.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">José E. Martínez. La gubernamentalidad de Foucault: Cultura, Agricultura y el Paisaje del 'Otro' en el 98. En "We the People". EMS Editores. Puerto Rico, 2008. 103-122.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Joseph B. Seabury. Porto Rico. Silver, Burdett &amp; Company. New York, 1903.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Lanny Thompson. Estudiarlos, Juzgarlos y Gobernarlos. En La Nación Soñada. Doce Calles. Aranjuez, 1996. 685-693.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">—. Imperial archipelago: Representation and Rule in the Insular Territories under U.S. Dominion after 1898. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 2010.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">—. The Imperial Republic. En Pacific Historical Review. Vol.  71. No. 4. Estados Unidos, 2002.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">—.Representation and Rule in the Imperial Archipelago. En American Studies Asia Vol. 1. No. 1. Manila, 2002.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Manuel Valdés Pizzini. Desmontando Discursos. En Los Arcos de la Memoria. UPR/A.P.H./Postdata. San Juan, 1998. 273-304.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Mario R. Cancel. El Lugar del Discurso Historiográfico Estadounidense Pos-invasión en la Historiografía Puertorriqueña. En Porto Rico: Hecho en Estados Unidos. Editora Educación Emergente. Cabo Rojo, 2011. 13-26.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Mary L. Pratt. Imperial Eyes. Routledge. New York, 1992.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Neil Smith. Nature as Accumulation Strategy. En Socialist Register Vol. 43. Wales, 2007.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">—. The Production of Nature. En FutureNatural. Routledge. New York, 1996. 35-54.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">—. Uneven Development. University of Georgia Press. Athens, 2008.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">Pedro A Cabán. <em>Constructing a Colonial People</em>. Westview Press. Colorado, 1999.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">William Dinwiddie. Puerto Rico:Its Conditions and Possibilities. Ediciones Callejón.San Juan, 2005 [1899].</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">William E. Leuchtenberg. Progressivism and Imperialism. The Mississippi Valley Historical Review.Vol. 39. No. 3. Mississippi, 1952.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">William J. Showalter. The Countries of the Caribbean. The National Geographic Magazine Vol. 24. Washington, 1913.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%; mso-pagination: none; mso-layout-grid-align: none; text-autospace: none;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">William R. Catton y Riley E. Dunlap. A New Ecological Paradigm for a Post-Exuberant Sociology. <em>American Behavioral Scientist</em> Vol 24. No. 1. Estados Unidos, 1980.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: justify; text-justify: inter-ideograph; line-height: 150%;"><span style="font-size: 14pt; line-height: 150%; font-family: Tahoma; font-weight: normal;" lang="ES">William R. Catton. <em>Overshoot</em>. University of Chicago Press. Illinois, 1980.</span></p> <!--EndFragment--></h1>

Publicado

2015-08-19

Cómo citar

Anazagatsy Rodríguez, J. (2015). Narrativas y sondeo del capitalismo-estadounidense sobre los recursos naturales de Puerto Rico (1898-1917). Memorias, (26), 120–151. Recuperado a partir de https://rcientificas.uninorte.edu.co/index.php/memorias/article/view/7263

Número

Sección

Artículos de tema libre