Out of Many, One People? Representations of Female Masqueraders in the Jamaica Carnival on Facebook

Autores/as

  • Kai Barratt University of Technology, Jamaica

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.14482/memor.32.10257

Palabras clave:

Kai Barratt, Jamaica, carnaval, mujeres mascaradas, Facebook, fotografías

Resumen

Al igual que muchos carnavales de estilo caribeño, el desfile de carnaval jamaicano está dominado por mujeres y sus representaciones en los medios de comunicación son controladas por los fotógrafos que dictan cómo se presentan en plataformas de medios sociales como Facebook. Utilizando un marco sobre representación y poder en los medios de comunicación, el documento postula que los fotógrafos defienden las ideas hegemónicas sobre el cuerpo de las mujeres cuando deciden quién aparece en sus álbumes de fotos de Facebook. Un análisis de contenido examinó imágenes del desfile de carnaval de 2015 de tres álbumes de Facebook y encontró que los fotógrafos prefirieron a las mujeres delgadas, de piel clara, vestidas con los trajes más lisos y comprometidas con una pose de pie. Estos hallazgos contradicen el lema nacional de Jamaica "Out of Many, One People", que promueve la idea de una sociedad con todo incluido, pero ignora las estratificaciones sociales que están arraigadas en la antigua sociedad de plantación. Estas divisiones a lo largo de las líneas de la etnicidad y la clase se traducen en última instancia a los espacios de rendimiento donde el carnaval, una importación cultural, se posiciona contra dancehall, que es el principal producto cultural de Jamaica.

 

 

 

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Biografía del autor/a

Kai Barratt, University of Technology, Jamaica

PhD Cultural Studies

Citas

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Hall (Ed.), <em>Representation: </em></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm; margin-right: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; margin-left: 36.0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><em><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">Cultural representations and signifying practices</span></em><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US"> (pp. 13-75). London: SAGE Publications</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">Henriques, F. (1951). Colour values in Jamaican society. <em>The British </em></span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm; margin-right: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; margin-left: 36.0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><em><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">Journal of Sociology</span></em><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">, 2 (2) 115-121.</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">Jamaica Information Service. (2009). Broadcasting commission moves against </span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm; margin-right: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; margin-left: 36.0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">‘daggering’ music on radio and TV. Retrieved from http://jis.gov.jm/broadcasting-commission-moves-against-daggering-music-on-radio-and-tv/</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; line-height: 200%;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">Mohammed, P. (2000).</span><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%;" lang="EN-US"> </span><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">But most of all mi love me browning: The </span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm; margin-right: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; margin-left: 36.0pt; line-height: 200%;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">emergence in the 18th and 19th century Jamaica of the mulatto woman as the desired. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/6285073/But_most_of_all_mi_love_me_Browning_Patricia_Mohammed</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">Shaw, A. (2006). Big fat fish: The hypersexualization of the fat female body in </span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm; margin-right: 0cm; margin-bottom: .0001pt; margin-left: 36.0pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">calypso and dancehall. <em>Anthurium: A Caribbean Studies Journal</em>, 3 (2). Retrieved from http://scholar.library.miami.edu</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-bottom: .0001pt; text-align: justify; line-height: 200%;"><span style="font-size: 12.0pt; line-height: 200%; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;" lang="EN-US">Stanley-Niaah, S. (2010). <em>Dancehall: From slave ship to ghetto</em>. 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Publicado

2017-08-31

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Barratt, K. (2017). Out of Many, One People? Representations of Female Masqueraders in the Jamaica Carnival on Facebook. Memorias, (32), 178–199. https://doi.org/10.14482/memor.32.10257

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